Are REITs underrepresented in your clients’ portfolios?
If you are among the 83% of financial professionals who recommend the use of REITs1, you recognize that:
In addition to stocks, bonds and cash, commercial real estate is a fundamental asset class representing 15% of the U.S. investment market.
REITs have been a low cost, effective and liquid means of investing in this asset class, allowing your clients to build a diversified portfolio that covers the entire U.S. investment market.
Commercial real estate can bring unique attributes to a portfolio including:
1. A distinct economic cycle relative to most other stocks and bonds
2. Potential inflation protection
3. Reliable income returns
The advantages of investing in REITs
The REIT approach to real estate investing provides investors with a straightforward and transparent means of accessing a fundamental asset class in order to pursue distinct goals.
Performance — The real estate market is the primary driver of REIT returns, therefore REITs may be used as a liquid proxy for gaining access to the entire commercial real estate asset class2
Liquidity — Bought and sold like other stocks, mutual funds and ETFs
Diversification — Low correlation with other stocks and bonds4
Dividends — Reliable income returns3 driven by high and growing income from rents plus capital appreciation over time
Inflation Protection — Due in part to the fact that many leases are tied to inflation and that real estate values have tended to increase in response to rising replacement costs
How to diversify your portfolio using REITs
Over the past few decades, assets have become increasingly correlated. This has challenged advisors to identify investments to better diversify their clients' portfolios. Fortunately, REITs provide them access to meaningful diversification opportunities.6 In fact, according to Chatham Partners' research, the vast majority (83%) of advisors now invest their clients in REITs and the most frequently cited attribute they cite is "portfolio diversification."1 Following are illustrations of the low correlation REITs have with the broad stock market and how they can improve a portfolio's risk-and-return profile.
Considering the impact on risk-and-return profiles
Morningstar has found that adding an allocation of REITs to a hypothetical portfolio:
- Increased returns without increasing risk (1972-2021)6
- Added meaningful diversification—other stocks are subject to the business cycle while REITs represent a separate and unique asset class subject to the real estate market cycle
What is an appropriate allocation to REITs?
The answer will vary based on each investor’s goals, risk tolerance and investment horizon, but here are some key insights that can help:
Multiple studies have found that the optimal REIT portfolio allocation may be between 5% and 15%.6
David F. Swensen, PhD, noted CIO of the Yale endowment and author of Unconventional Success: A Fundamental Approach to Personal Investment, recommends a 15% allocation to REITs for most investors.
Further insight comes from Chatham Partners' research which found that advisors recommend allocations to REITs in the range of 4% to 12% – irrespective of the client's age – from early career to in retirement.1
How does age affect the optimal REIT allocation?
As this Wilshire Funds Management Glide Path Model shows, an optimal allocation for certain investors could start at 15%+ for an investor with a 45-year investment horizon, gradually declining to 7%+ at retirement and 6%+ after 10 years in retirement.7
REIT utilization among financial advisors
As the risks and opportunities for investors continue to unfold, a majority of advisors continue to agree on the underlying long-term fundamentals that support inclusion of REITs within a diversified portfolio.
REITs have historically outperformed the broader stock market during periods of high inflation
Higher income returns generate this outperformance when rents adjust upwards as new leases are signed and REITs increase dividends to pay out the higher income.
In addition, Equity REITs own buildings — a real asset — whose value has tended to rise with increases in the price level. This helps to:
- protect REIT investors against inflation; and
- generate price gains in stock valuations.
Research from Morningstar® on REIT performance
Here’s what these Morningstar® Fact Sheets reveal about past REIT performance for the 50-year period ending December 31, 2021 (the longest period for which data are available):
- Largest increase — Compared to bonds, T-bills and other stocks, REITs provided the largest increase in wealth in over 50 years.
- Increased returns — Adding REITs to a hypothetical portfolio increased returns with no increase in risk.
- Extended lifespan — Adding REITs to a hypothetical portfolio reduced the risk of outliving assets for retirees.
Download a PDF of this Quick Facts Guide.
1. Source: Nareit sponsored REIT Utilization Study of 349 financial advisors by Chatham Partners, LLC, March 2021
2. Sources: Stock and bond data from Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve, Financial Accounts of the United States, 2021:Q4; commercial real estate market size data based on Nareit analysis of CoStar property data and CoStar estimates of Commercial Real Estate Market Size, 2021:Q4.
3. Source: Nareit sponsored study by Wilshire Funds Management – Income Oriented Portfolios – Challenges and Solutions, October 2016
4. Source: CEM Benchmarking, 2020
5. Source: Nareit, FactSet. Data as of December 2021. Total Stock Market: Dow Jones U.S. Total Stock Market Index; Large Cap: S&P 500; Mid Cap: S&P 400; Small Cap: S&P 600; Growth: Russell 1000 Growth; Value: Russell 1000 Value; Tech: Nasdaq Composite; International: MSCI EAFE; REITs: FTSE Nareit All Equity REIT Index.
6. Examples of studies within the stated range include: Ibbotson Associates, Morningstar, and Wilshire Funds Management.
7. Source: Nareit sponsored study by Wilshire Funds Management, 2020 – The Role of REITs and Listed Real Estate Equities in Target Date Fund Allocations. Large-cap stocks – Wilshire U.S. Large Cap Index; Small-cap stocks – Wilshire U.S. Small Cap Index; International stocks – MSCI EAFE Index; Emerging Market Equities – MSCI Emerging Markets Index; U.S. bonds - Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index; Non-U.S. bonds – Citigroup Non-USD World GBI; U.S. REITs – FTSE Nareit All Equity REIT Index.
8. Nareit analysis of prices for the FTSE Nareit All Equity REIT Index and S&P 500 Index; 1972-2021; inflation measured for all items, all urban consumers.