- Nearly 170 Million Americans Own REIT Stocks
This research note estimates the number of American households and Americans who own REIT stocks directly or indirectly through mutual funds, ETFs, or target date funds. We estimate that approximately 168 million Americans, or roughly 50% of American households, are invested in REIT stocks.
- 2024 REIT Outlook
As we look ahead to 2024, the high interest rate environment will likely continue to broadly impact both commercial real estate (CRE) and REITs. Our outlook for CRE and REITs highlights three themes: REITs historically have had impressive outperformance at the end of Fed tightening cycles, the public-private CRE valuation divergence will continue to close, and REITs are well positioned to navigate a prolonged period of high interest rates..
- 2023 Mid-year Report: REIT Performance
As we look ahead to the second half of 2023, the economic and commercial real estate (CRE) environment will continue to be shaped by global central banks’ fight against inflationary pressures that have been more persistent than expected. Though there are some encouraging signs that inflation rates will continue to decline in the coming months, higher short- and long-term interest rates, the resulting economic slowdown, and CRE risks will likely be the defining features of the second half of 2023.
- Global REIT Approach to Real Estate Investing (PDF)
This study summarizes the dramatic growth of REITs around the world since their inception more than 60 years ago and the benefits of the REIT model for communities, economies, and investors. There are currently 41 countries and regions, accounting for 85% of global GDP with a combined population of nearly 5 billion people, that have enacted REIT legislation.
- REITs in 2023: Maintaining Solid Footing Amid Economic Uncertainty
As we look ahead to 2023 and cross the three-year mark from the onset of the pandemic, the effects of COVID-19 on our day-to-day lives will likely continue to wane, but we will still be living in an economy and commercial real estate environment shaped by the aftershocks of both the health crisis and the response to it. The ongoing higher interest rate environment will continue to create challenges for commercial real estate. However, our review of REIT balance sheets and debt suggests that REITs are well-positioned for economic uncertainty in 2023 because of their strong balance sheets.
- 2022 Mid-year Report: REIT Performance
In this mid-year review and outlook, Nareit’s research team reviews the macroeconomic environment, REIT returns and operational performance at the halfway point of the year, including REIT historical performance during periods of high inflation, a new dimension of portfolio diversification, and insights on the evolution of REIT ESG activities.
- Estimating the Size of the Commercial Real Estate Market in the U.S.
Nareit has updated our estimate of the total dollar value of the commercial real estate (CRE) market in the U.S., finding a total value of $20.7 trillion as of the second quarter of 2021. We have also updated our estimate of the REIT share of the total CRE market.
- 2022 REIT Outlook: 2021 in Review and What's Ahead for 2022
In its 2022 outlook, Nareit’s research team provides perspectives on the past 22 months and an outlook for the next 12 to 18 months distinguishing between the impermanent or cyclical effects and the longer-term structural changes that result from changes in behavior. Nareit addresses REIT investment performance to date during the pandemic, the outlook for economic activity and overall macroeconomic conditions, how the pandemic has made deeper changes in how we live our lives and how this affects how we use commercial real estate, what impact inflation typically has on REIT performance, and key takeaways from global REIT returns during the pandemic.
- 2021 Midyear Outlook for REITs and Commercial Real Estate: A Robust Recovery Ahead
Funds from operations (FFO) of all equity REITs rose 2.0% in Q1, according to the Nareit T-Tracker, after having grown more than 10% in each of the prior two quarters. In large part, this deceleration reflects the wide range of outcomes across different property types discussed above. The underlying economic fundamentals for commercial real estate are gaining more momentum with a higher level of vaccine coverage, which is likely to boost REIT earnings growth over the remainder of this year.
- Percentage of American Households Owning REIT Stocks Nearly Doubles Since 2001
This research estimates the number of Americans and American households that own REIT stocks annually over the period 2001 to 2019. Roughly 65 million Americans owned REIT shares in 2001, this more than doubled to nearly 145 million Americans that owned REIT shares in 2019. The percentage of American households with REIT stocks has also nearly doubled from 23% to 44% through the last two decades.
- 2021 Outlook for REITs and Commercial Real Estate: Risk and Resilience
Commercial real estate and REITs are likely to begin to recover in 2021, with the pace of improvement driven by the availability and effectiveness of a vaccine. REITs, CRE markets, and the economy as a whole are bolstered by the solid fundamentals that were in place when the pandemic hit, in sharp contrast to prior recessions. Conditions will be mixed in the first half of the year, strengthen in the second half, and 2022 is likely to see a more complete recovery.
- REIT Industry September 2020 Rent Collections
This update focuses on three property subsectors: apartments, free standing retail, and shopping center retail, given that rent collections in the industrial, office, and healthcare sectors have stabilized at high levels.
- Fall 2020 Economic Outlook for REITs and Commercial Real Estate
The COVID-19 pandemic may cause long-lasting or permanent structural changes in how people interact in public spaces. Since most economic activity takes place within a commercial real estate structure, these changes will impact how people use commercial real estate in the future.
- How REITs Deliver Access to the New Economy
Investing in a 21st century real estate completion portfolio with REITs from tech-related property sectors can reduce the overall volatility of portfolio returns.
- The Economy at a Turning Point: REITs and Commercial Real Estate Outlook at Mid-Year 2020
The economy is at a turning point, with labor markets, consumer spending and business activity likely starting to recover in May or June. Nareit economist Calvin Schnure discusses the outlook and sees both risks and opportunities in the path ahead.
- The Outlook for REITs During the COVID-19 Crisis
The impact of the social distancing and business closures varies widely across real estate and REIT sectors, and for some, the effects are severe. The REIT sector overall entered the COVID-19 crisis from a stronger position than in previous market downturns, in terms of operational performance, balance sheet strength and sources of liquidity available for the potentially lean months ahead.
- 2020 Outlook for the Economy, Real Estate and REITs: What to Look for in Uncharted Waters
A wide range of indicators from GDP, labor markets, housing markets and commercial real estate are consistent with continued economic growth and improving real estate markets and REIT earnings in 2020.
- Economy and CRE Markets Slowing Back to Trend in Second Half of 2019
Economic growth in the first half of the year wasn’t great, but was probably better than most had expected at the start of the year, and commercial real estate markets and REITs benefited from the growing economy. Nareit economist Calvin Schnure provides his analysis of the outlook for the rest of the year in this economic outlook.
- 2019:Q4 Commercial Property Update
Commercial property markets cooled off a bit in the final quarter of 2019, with vacancy rates edging higher and rent growth slowing. Retail property markets in particular saw slack demand, although industrial property markets slowed a bit as well. Conditions in apartment markets remain tight and rents are high. Economic fundamentals for CRE were firm through year-end, but the coronavirus raises new questions about 2020. REITs, and commercial property markets in general, have been resilient to prior shocks from abroad due to the domestic nature of real estate. The growing likelihood of dislocations inside the country, however, suggest no sector will escape unscathed.
- mREIT White Paper
The mREIT sector has grown rapidly in the aftermath of the Great Financial Crisis (GFC), and the composition of the sector has changed as well. This Nareit White Paper provides background on the sector and how it has evolved. Key findings include that mREITs helped stabilize and recapitalize the home mortgage sector following the GFC by raising $76 billion of equity capital and investing in both Agency and non-Agency MBS.
- REITs and Real Estate Outlook for 2018
The macroeconomy and real estate markets had a good performance in 2017. Real GDP rebounded to annualized growth rates above 3.0 percent in the second and third quarters. Commercial properties in most markets enjoyed sustained growth of demand, high occupancy rates, rising rents and rising prices. These advantageous conditions may well continue into 2018, but there are several risks that might cause a change in the outlook.
- Economic Fundamentals for Office Properties and Shifts in REIT Portfolios from 2007-2017
A Nareit research paper by Alexandra Thompson examines office property markets. The analysis finds that office REITs have increased their holdings within secondary cities since 2012, in order to benefit from robust population and employment growth, and increase returns for investors.
- What Can Past Real Estate Construction Cycles Tell Us About the Outlook For REITs Today?
Commercial real estate has gone through many boom/bust cycles in the past. These cycles have inevitably affected the performance of REITs through their impact on rents, vacancy rates and property valuations. There are certain features that are common to nearly all these cycles, including overbuilding and a relaxation of risk standards by builders, lenders and investors. There are also differences across these cycles, however, much as Tolstoy wrote in Anna Karenina, “each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way.”
- In the Middle of a Long Cycle for REITs and Real Estate
Many analysts and policymakers have pointed to the leveling off in commercial real estate prices and increasing construction to contend that the commercial real estate bull market, which began in 2009, is growing old and nearing its peak. Nareit economist Calvin Schnure disagrees, noting that "economic expansions don't die of old age. They end if they overheat, are overbuilt or overleveraged.” Schnure has done an analysis showing none of these three terminal conditions exists today.
- REITs: Real Estate With a Return Premium
A Nareit analysis of the performance of publicly traded equity REITs and private equity core, value-added and opportunistic funds over the last full real estate cycle shows REITs outperformed private equity real estate funds over the entire cycle, as well as over the bull market portion of the cycle when value-added and opportunistic funds’ higher leverage would have been expected to deliver superior returns.